International PCT Patents

International PCT Patents

Protección de Patentes Internacionales PCT

PCT Patents

Protect your patent internationally

The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) is an international patent application system that helps applicants in seeking patent protection internationally for their inventions, meaning that if you file one single international PCT application, you can protect your invention in over 150 countries throughout the world, which are covered simultaneously but provisionally, allowing you to delay the extension time limits for up to 30 or 31 months for most countries, to when you must enter into national and/or regional phase in each designated Office, in order to protect your patent effectively. The PCT patent will be examined during this international phase as to its patentability, so in view of the examination result as to the assessment of the prospects and scope of protection of your invention, you may evaluate whether entering into national and regional phase is convenient or not, before major costs are incurred, as well as the countries or territories in which you are really interested and you are decided to invest for applying and pursuing the grant of your patent overseas.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

International PCT patents are administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), based in Geneva, Switzerland.

 

 

 

List of countries and regional Offices covered simultaneously by a PCT application.

Total: 153.  Status on December 12, 2019

Map of countries and regional Offices covered by an International PCT patent

National Offices/Contracting States Continent Regional Office
AO Angola Africa
DJ Djibouti Africa
EG Egypt Africa
LY Libya Africa
MA Morocco Africa
MG Madagascar Africa
NG Nigeria Africa
SC Seychelles Africa
ST Sao Tome and Principe Africa
TN Tunisia Africa
ZA South Africa Africa
AG Antigua and Barbuda America
BB Barbados America
BR Brazil America
BZ Belize America
CA Canada America
CL Chile America
CO Colombia America
CR Costa Rica America
CU Cuba America
DM Dominica America
DO Dominican Republic America
EC Ecuador America
GD Grenada America
GT Guatemala America
HN Honduras America
LC Saint Lucia America
MX Mexico America
NI Nicaragua America
PA Panama America
PE Peru America
SV El Salvador America
TT Trinidad and Tobago America
US United States of America America
VC Saint Vincent and the Grenadines America
AE United Arab Emirates Asia
BH Bahrain Asia
BN Brunei Darussalam Asia
CN China Asia
ID Indonesia Asia
IL Israel Asia
IN India Asia
IR Iran (Islamic Republic of) Asia
JO Jordan Asia
JP Japan Asia
KH Cambodia Asia
KP Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Asia
KR Republic of Korea Asia
KW Kuwait Asia
LA Lao People’s Democratic Republic Asia
LK Sri Lanka Asia
MN Mongolia Asia
MY Malaysia Asia
OM Oman Asia
QA Qatar Asia
SA Saudi Arabia Asia
SG Singapore Asia
TH Thailand Asia
UZ Uzbekistan Asia
MD Republic of Moldova Europe
UA Ukraine Europe
AU Australia Oceania
NZ New Zealand Oceania
PG Papua New Guinea Oceania
WS Samoa (on January 2, 2020)

 

Oceania
GM Gambia Africa AP ARIPO Patent
KE Kenya Africa AP ARIPO Patent
LS Lesotho Africa AP ARIPO Patent
MW Malawi Africa AP ARIPO Patent
MZ Mozambique Africa AP ARIPO Patent
SD Sudan Africa AP ARIPO Patent
SL Sierra Leone Africa AP ARIPO Patent
SZ Swaziland Africa AP ARIPO Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
TZ United Republic of Tanzania Africa AP ARIPO Patent
UG Uganda Africa AP ARIPO Patent
ZM Zambia Africa AP ARIPO Patent
ZW Zimbabwe Africa AP ARIPO Patent
AM Armenia Asia EA Eurasian Patent
AZ Azerbaijan Republic Asia EA Eurasian Patent
KG Kyrgyzstan Asia EA Eurasian Patent
KZ Kazakhstan Asia EA Eurasian Patent
MD Moldova Asia EA Eurasian Patent
TJ Tajikistan Asia EA Eurasian Patent
TM Turkmenistan Asia EA Eurasian Patent
BY Belarus Europe EA Eurasian Patent
RU Russian Federation Europe EA Eurasian Patent
TR Turkey Asia EP European Patent
AL Albania Europe EP European Patent
BA Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe EP European Patent (Country of Extension)
CH Switzerland Europe EP European Patent
IS Iceland Europe EP European Patent
MC Monaco Europe EP European Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
ME Montenegro Europe EP European Patent

(Country of Extension)

MK Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of) Europe EP European Patent
NO Norway Europe EP European Patent
RS Serbia Europe EP European Patent
SM San Marino Europe EP European Patent
AT Austria Europe (EU) EP European Patent
BE Belgium Europe (EU) EP European Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
BG Bulgaria Europe (EU) EP European Patent
CY Cyprus Europe (EU) EP European Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
CZ Czech Republic Europe (EU) EP European Patent
DE Germany Europe (EU) EP European Patent
DK Denmark Europe (EU) EP European Patent
EE Estonia Europe (EU) EP European Patent
ES Spain Europe (EU) EP European Patent
FI Finland Europe (EU) EP European Patent
FR France Europe (EU) EP European Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
GB UnitedKingdom Europe (EU) EP European Patent
GR Greece Europe (EU) EP European Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
HR Croatia Europe (EU) EP European Patent
HU Hungary Europe (EU) EP European Patent
IE Ireland Europe (EU) EP European Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
IT Italy Europe (EU) EP European Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
LI Liechtenstein Europe (EU) EP European Patent
LT Lithuania Europe (EU) EP European Patent
LU Luxembourg Europe (EU) EP European Patent
LV Latvia Europe (EU) EP European Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
MT Malta Europe (EU) EP European Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
NL Netherlands Europe (EU) EP European Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
PL Poland Europe (EU) EP European Patent
PT Portugal Europe (EU) EP European Patent
RO Romania Europe (EU) EP European Patent
SE Sweden Europe (EU) EP European Patent
SI Slovenia Europe (EU) EP European Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
SK Slovakia Europe (EU) EP European Patent
BF Burkina Faso Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
BJ Benin Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
BW Botswana Africa OA OAPI Patent
CF Central African Republic Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
CG Congo Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
CM Cameroon Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
GA Gabon Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
GH Ghana Africa OA OAPI Patent
GN Guinea Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
GQ Equatorial Guinea Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
GW Guinea-Bissau Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
KM Comoros Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible. – Only PCTs filed after 25/05/2013 can designate this country for an OAPI patent. PCTs filed before that date, an extension of the OAPI Patent possible)
ML Mali Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
MR Mauritania Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
NE Niger Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
SN Senegal Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
TD Chad Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
TG Togo Africa OA OAPI Patent (Country that can only be designated by the regional Office; the national phase via the PCT is not possible)
CI Côte d’Ivoire Africa OA OAPI Patent(2)

 

Main Points and Advantages of a PCT Application

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How Abecsa Can Help You

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The International Phase of PCT Applications

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National or Regional Phase Entry

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Contact Us

Via our contact form if you need advice on any patent issues such as:

  • Filing your PCT patent application.
  • Filing any arguments and/or technical amendments in reply to the ISR or IPE.
  • Entering the regional phase of a PCTin the European Patent Office (EPO).
  • Entering the national phase of a PCT in Spain (OEPM).
  • Looking for prior art searching or a freedom-to-operate opinion and report.
  • Patent watching services.
  • Revising or amending your patent draft by our engineer.
  • Taking legal action against another person or company who is marketing or exploiting your invention without your consent.
  • Translating your patent specification into any needed procedural language.
  • Renewing your patent annually.
  • Licensing the use of your invention or selling your patent ensuring the assignment to other person or company.
  • Protecting your know-how and trade secrets.

 

Confidentiality

If this is the first filing of your invention, it is important that you do not disclose the technical characteristics of your invention before you apply for patent protection, this may mean that you cannot patent it, or your patent may be declared invalid by anyone who proves this preceding disclosure (lack of novelty or inventive step). However, you can safely discuss it with us, because as registered patent attorneys and lawyers, any information you disclose to us is legally privileged and confidential, using it strictly for the purpose or needed service we are instructed to handle in your name.